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 » 英語のヒント「Writing the possessive form of plural nouns ending with “s” ( 複数形の所有格をSをつけて表すとき)」

英語のヒント「Writing the possessive form of plural nouns ending with “s” ( 複数形の所有格をSをつけて表すとき)」

2016-11-12

plural-possessive-173936-1

 

 

Hello all やぁ、みんな

This week’s hint is ‘s vs s’

今週の英語のヒントは‘s と s’を使い分けてみよう

 

First of all let us define these two phrases from our title, possessive form and plural nouns.

まず最初に所有格と複数形について説明しよう。

  1. Possessive forms: this is the form of a noun that we use to show that something belongs to it.

所有格:人物名詞につけて、誰のものかを表す

  • Example 例

When we want to say that a blue dress belongs to Mary, we can say青のドレスがマリーのものだと言いたい時には次の2通りの言い方があります。

: “This is Mary’s blue dress” or the “The Blue dress is Mary’s”.

Either way it is the addition of the “ ‘s ” that changes the noun Mary to the possessive form.

どちらの文も‘sがマリーが所有していることを表しています。

  1. Plural nouns : the form of a noun that is used to signify more than one of the same of type.

複数名詞:名詞の形で同じものが二つ以上ある場合を意味します。

  • Examples 例

One Banana  – two bananas                         One couch – two couches

One city – Two cities                                 One child – two children

 

As you might know that most nouns end with an “s” in their plural form.

While it is straight forward how to write the possessive form of irregular nouns.

お分りのように複数形にするには名詞の後に“s”をつけます。一方で不規則な名詞の所有格を表すにはそのまま“ ‘s “をつけるのです。

Example 例

Children – That is the children’s room. (Just add an “ ‘s “)

 

It is a little confusing how to write the possessive form for plurals nouns ending with s. Here is a hint and I hope it helps.

For nouns that don’t end with “s” just + “  ‘s “

For nouns ending with “s” just add “ ‘  “ after the “s”

複数形の所有格を表す時はすこしややこしいですが“ ‘s “をつけずに“ ‘“のみで表します。

 

Example 例

In a local tournament there is only one physio for all the teams.

To show that the physio belongs to all of the teams

He or she is the teams’ physio.

Those are my sons’ toys. (meaning the toys belong to her sons and not just one son)

 

 

Till the next hint, take care